Straighten the shaft
Your arrows should be straight and the straightness depends on the shaft. Heat is used initially to straighten bolt shafts and furthermore for occasional support. Fill your ordinary pot or steam iron with faucet water. Pass the length of the bolt to and fro through the steam for five to 10 seconds, until the wood has softened. Find bends on the sapling and cautiously straighten the bolt. Check for straightness by putting the tip of the bolt in your palm and spinning the bolt. A smooth spin indicates straightness and any yank will require more working. When you are persuaded that the shafts are straightened, given them a chance to rest for two weeks. If bends still show up you need to repeat the heating process once more.
Fitting the Nock
Subsequent to straightening the bolt the following stage should cut nocks on one end of the shaft. Make one end of a bolt shaft into a cone shape, which slips into the plastic nock (you can pick these up on the web or from most archery stores). You can use a saw tooth or a hacksaw and use sandpaper to sand the end into a cone shape so that the plastic nock can slide on.
Fletchings are necessary to stabilize your arrows in flight. The bigger the fletchings you use the faster your arrows will stabilize, but the more bolt speed you will lose. Consider what distance you will shoot, and the poundage of your bow. Select three feathers, either natural or man-made feathers. Your fletchings would prefer not to be longer than around five inches in length, and should be joined with fletching paste or wood contact bond. To ensure you position the arrows effectively, use a fletching dance. You can trim feathers to uniform shape with a sharp pair of huge scissors. The lighter the pointed stone the smaller the feathers can be.
Insert the arrowheads
The following stage is to insert the pointed stone. An assortment of tips are available, so consider what you will use the bolt for. Try not to use a chasing tip for target archery for instance.
Cresting a bolt makes it easy to differentiate between specific arrows. Use waterproof paint and decorate the bolt as needs are.
That is it! A great deal of work, but the results can be extremely advantageous.